Chris Whong Chris Whong

created Dec 07, 2013

updated Dec 08, 2013

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Dataset Notes
NOTES a. Based on countries for which the Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index is calculated. b. The list of surveys used for estimation of inequalities is available at http://hdr.undp.org. c. Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified. d. Based on the 2010 Current Population Survey (from the Luxembourg Income Study database). In the 2011 Human Development Report income inequality was based on the 2005 American Community Survey (from the World Bank's International Income Distribution Database). The two sources seem to be inconsistent. e Based on simulated income distribution from the 2007 Demographic and Health Survey. In the 2011 Human Development Report the inequality in consumption was used based on the 2002-2003 Living Conditions Monitoring Survey. f Based on simulated income distribution from the 2009 Demographic and Health Survey. In the 2011 Human Development Report the inequality in consumption was used based on the 2003 National household survey of Living Conditions. DEFINITIONS Human Development Index (HDI): A composite index measuring average achievement in three basic dimensions of human developmentā€”a long and healthy life, knowledge and a decent standard of living. See Technical note 1 for details on how the HDI is calculated. Inequality-adjusted HDI (IHDI): HDI value adjusted for inequalities in the three basic dimensions of human development. See Technical note 2 for details on how the IHDI is calculated. Overall loss: The loss in potential human development due to inequality, calculated as the percentage difference between the HDI and the IHDI. Inequality-adjusted life expectancy index: The HDI life expectancy index adjusted for inequality in distribution of expected length of life based on data from life tables listed in Main data sources. Inequality-adjusted education index: The HDI education index adjusted for inequality in distribution of years of schooling based on data from household surveys listed in Main data sources. Inequality-adjusted income index: The HDI income index adjusted for inequality in income distribution based on data from household surveys listed in Main data sources. Quintile income ratio: Ratio of the share of income of the richest 20 percent of the population to the share of income of the poorest 20 percent of the population. Income Gini coefficient: Measure of the deviation of the distribution of income (or consumption) among individuals or households within a country from a perfectly equal distribution. A value of 0 represents absolute equality, a value of 100 absolute inequality. MAIN DATA SOURCES Column 1: HDRO calculations based on data from UNDESA (2011), Barro and Lee (2011), UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2012), World Bank (2012a) and IMF (2012). Column 2: Calculated as the geometric mean of the values in columns 5, 7 and 9 using the methodology in Technical note 2. Column 3: Calculated based on data in columns 1 and 2. Column 4: Calculated based on data in column 2 and recalculated HDI ranks for countries with the IHDI. Column 5: Calculated based on abridged life tables from UNDESA (2011). Column 6: Calculated based on data in column 5 and the unadjusted life expectancy index. Columns 7 and 9: Calculated based on data from LIS (2012), Eurostat (2012), the World Bank (2012b), UNICEF (2002-2012), and ICF Macro (2012) using the methodology in Technical note 2. Column 8: Calculated based on data in column 7 and the unadjusted education index. Column 10: Calculated based on data in column 9 and the unadjusted income index. Columns 11 and 12: World Bank (2012a).
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