Assessing the impact of displacement on IDPs and host communities in Nepal

8,400 people lived in internal displacement in Nepal as of December 2021. Monsoon rains cause floods and landslides that displace people across Nepal every year. The country also sits at the convergence of the Indian and Eurasian tectonic plates, making it highly prone to earthquakes. The 2015 Gorkha event was the most significant in its recent history and led to around 2.6 million internal displacements. Disasters triggered 32,500 new internal displacement in 2021. [1]

This preliminary analysis starts to piece together the impact and potential policies to support IDPs beyond humanitarian support. It analyzes data collected by Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) in Nepal in December 2021 from 314 individuals – 156 internally displaced individuals and 158 people from within the host communities across the Sindhupalchok District. Women make up 46% of respondents in IDP households and 49% in hosts households.  The sample size while relatively small, provides a starting point to understand progress in reaching different development outcomes based only on the households sampled. While effort was made for the sample to be representative, the representativeness does not capture the entire population of IDPs or hosts in the country.   



Development Impact


[1] IDMC, Country profile: Nepal, November 2022.

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