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Assessing the impact of displacement on IDPs and host communities in Indonesia

Published on 02 November 2022

Disasters triggered 749,000 new displacements in Indonesia in 2021. The majority of these displacements were triggered by flooding, although storms, landslides, earthquakes, and volcanic activities also contributed to them. An estimated 26,600 new displacements associated with conflict were recorded in 2021, mainly because of ongoing tensions in Papua and West Papua. There were 228,000 people living in displacement due to conflict and disasters in Indonesia at the end of the year.[1]


This preliminary analysis starts to piece together the impact and potential policies to support IDPs beyond humanitarian support. It analyzes data collected by Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) in Indonesia in December 2021 from 353 individuals – 199 internally displaced individuals affected by floods and 154 people from within the host communities. Women make up 60% of respondents in IDP households and 50% in hosts households.  The sample size while relatively small, provides a starting point to understand progress in reaching different development outcomes based only on the households sampled. While effort was made for the sample to be representative, the representativeness does not capture the entire population of IDPs or hosts in the country.

Composition of survey respondents

Development Impact